Did you know that on this day in 1606, in the wake of the Gunpowder Plot, Guy Fawkes is executed for his plotting against Parliament and James I of England? Or that it was on this day in 1747 the first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital?
And on this day in 1865 during the American Civil War, the United States Congress passes the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, abolishing slavery, submitting it to the states for ratification, in 1876 (only 136 years ago) the United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations, in 1929 the Soviet Union exiles Leon Trotsky, in 1943 German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrenders to the Soviets at Stalingrad, followed 2 days later by the remainder of his Sixth Army, ending one of World War II‘s fiercest battles and in 1945, towards the end of World War II, about 3,000 inmates from the Stutthof concentration camp are forcibly marched into the Baltic Sea at Palmnicken (now Yantarny, Russia) and executed.
It was also on this day in 1961 during Project Mercury and Mercury-Redstone 2 that Ham the Chimp travels into outer space, in 1990 the first McDonald’s in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow and in 2001, in the Netherlands, a Scottish court convicts Libyan Abdelbaset al-Megrahi and acquits another Libyan citizen for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 overLockerbie, Scotland in 1988.
Some birthdays you may want to remember (or forget) on this day are Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (1797-1828), Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist (1923-2007), Kenzaburo Oe, Japanese writer, Nobel laureate (1935), John Lydon, English singer (Sex Pistols, Public Image Ltd.) (1956), Minnie Driver, British actress (1970), Portia de Rossi, Australian actress (1973) and Justin Timberlake, American singer (1981).
Need a reason to raise a glass of bubbly on this day? Perhaps you should look into the celebration of Independence Day, celebrating the independence of Nauru from Australia in 1968 or the quite interestingly named National Gorilla Suit Day?
For more information about historic events on this day, please go here.
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