Did you know that on this day in 1252 Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad extirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition? Or that it was on this day in 1618 Johannes Kepler confirms his previously rejected discovery of the third law of planetary motion (he first discovered it on March 8 but soon rejected the idea after some initial calculations were made)?
And on this day in 1817 opening of the first private mental health hospital in the United States, the Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1858 opening of the present Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London, in 1905 (only 107 years ago) Las Vegas, Nevada, is founded when 110 acres (0.45 km2), in what later would become downtown, are auctioned off, in 1948 following the demise of the British Mandate of Palestine, Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia invade Israel thus starting the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, in 1972 the island of Okinawa, under U.S. military governance since its conquest in 1945, reverts to Japanese control and in 2008 California becomes the second U.S. state after Massachusetts in 2004 to legalize same-sex marriage after the state’s own Supreme Court rules a previous ban unconstitutional.
Some birthdays you may want to remember on this day are Pierre Curie, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (1859-1906), Richard Avedon, American photographer (1923-2004), Lasse Berghagen, Swedish singer (1945), Brian Eno, British musician and record producer (1948), Mike Oldfield, British composer (1953) and Andy Murray, Scottish tennis player (1987).
Need a reason to raise a glass of bubbles on this day? Why not join in the celebration of International Day of Families (International), La Corsa dei Ceri begins on the eve of the feast day of Saint Ubaldo. (Gubbio) or Teachers’ Day (Mexico and South Korea)?
For more information about historic events on this day, please go here.