Did you know that on this day in 1648 construction of the Red Fort at Delhi is completed? Or that it was on this day in 1787 captain Arthur Phillip leaves Portsmouth, England, with eleven ships full of convicts (the “First Fleet“) to establish a penal colony in Australia?
And on this day in 1861 at the beginning of the American Civil War Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom issues a “proclamation of neutrality” which recognizes the breakaway states as having belligerent rights, in 1888 with the passage of the Lei Áurea (“Golden Law”), Brazil abolishes slavery, in 1940 during World War II Germany‘s conquest of France begins as the German army crosses the Meuse. Winston Churchill makes his “blood, toil, tears, and sweat” speech to the House of Commons, in 1950 the first round of the Formula One World Championship is held at Silverstone, in 1960 hundreds of University of California, Berkeley students congregate for the first day of protest against a visit by the House Committee on Un-American Activities. Thirty-one students are arrested, and the Free Speech Movement is born and in 2000 in Enschede, the Netherlands, a fireworks factory explodes, killing 22 people, wounding 950, and resulting in approximately €450 million in damage.
Some birthdays you may want to remember (or remember to forget) on this day are Arthur Sullivan, English composer (1842-1900), Georges Braque, French painter (1882-1963), Dame Daphne du Maurier, English author (1907-1989), Bea Arthur, American actress (1922-2009), Jim Jones, American businessman and cult leader of the Peoples Temple (1931-1978), Harvey Keitel, American actor (1939), Ritchie Valens, American singer (1941-1959), Stevie Wonder, American singer and musician (1950), Johnny Logan, Irish singer and songwriter (1954), Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Indian spiritual figure (1956), Dennis Rodman, American basketball player and actor (1961), Stephen Colbert, American comedian and actor (1964), Robert Pattinson, English actor, musician and model and Alexander Rybak, Norwegian singer (both born in 1986).
For more information about historic events on this day, please go here.