Did you know that on this day in 1762 French Huguenot Jean Calas, who had been wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform? Or that it was on this day in 1831 the French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria?
And on this day in 1876 Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful telephone call by saying “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.”, in 1906 the Courrières mine disaster, Europe‘s worst ever, takes place and kills 1099 miners in Northern France, in 1945 the U.S. Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting firestorm kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians, in 1977 Rings of Uranus: Astronomers discover rings around Uranus and in 2006 the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars.
Some birthdays you may want to remember on this day are Sepp Blatter, Swiss FIFA President (1936), Chuck Norris, American actor and martial artist (1940), Osama bin Laden, Saudi Islamist and leader of al-Qaeda (1957-2011), Sharon Stone, American actress (1958), Neneh Cherry, Swedish musician and Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (both born in 1964), Timbaland, American rapper (1971) and Eva Herzigova, Czech model (1973).
For more information about historic events on this day, please go here.